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Nikola Poussin Born in 1594 in the Norman town of Les Andelys. At 18, he went to Paris, where he continued his studies under the guidance of the then-famous portrait painter Van Halle, and then with other masters. They helped him to perfect his technique a lot - visiting the Louvre, where he copied the canvases of the Renaissance Italians.
During this period, Poussin gains some recognition. To further improve his mastery, he went to Rome, which at that time was Mecca for painters of all countries. Here he continued to hone his knowledge, studying the treatises of Da Vinci and Michelangelo, studying in detail and measuring the proportions of ancient sculptures, communicating with other artists. It was during this period that his work acquired the features of classicism, one of the pillars of which Nicolas Poussin is still considered.
The artist drew inspiration from the works of classical and modern poets, in theatrical performances, in philosophical treatises, in biblical themes. But even canonical plots allowed him to depict the reality surrounding him, filling the canvases with impeccably executed characteristic images, landscapes and plans. The craftsmanship and the already established own style brought the artist recognition in Rome, they began to invite him to paint the cathedrals, ordered him paintings for classic and historical subjects. The software canvas “Death of Germanicus” belongs to this period, bringing together all the features inherent in European classicism.
In 1639, at the invitation of Cardinal Richelieu, Poussin again came to Paris to decorate the Louvre Gallery. A year later, Louis XIII, impressed by the talent of the artist, appoints him his first painter. Poussin was recognized at court; he began vying to order paintings for his castles and galleries. But the intrigues of the envious local art elite forced him to leave Paris again in 1642 and go to Rome. Here he lived until the end of his days, and the last years of his life, of course, became the most fruitful stage in his ego creativity. Poussin at this time began to pay more attention to the image of the surrounding nature, spending a lot of time drawing from nature. Of course, one of the best incarnations of this trend in his work was the cycle "Seasons", completed shortly before his death. Like other paintings by the painter, these canvases harmoniously combined naturalism and idealism, which throughout his creative life, Nicolas Poussin did not leave his works.
The artist died in the fall of 1665 in Rome.